byzantine architecture hagia sophia

Hagia Sophia. Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire.. After a fire in 404 it was replaced by the second church which burned again in 532. Hagia Sophia, Turkish Ayasofya, Latin Sancta Sophia, also called Church of the Holy Wisdom or Church of the Divine Wisdom, an important Byzantine structure in Istanbul and one of the world’s great monuments. Byzantine architects were eclectic, at first drawing heavily on Roman temple features. Kemal Atatürk secularized the building, and in 1935 it was made into a museum. The structure now standing is essentially the 6th-century edifice, although an earthquake caused a partial collapse of the dome in 558 (restored 562) and there were two further partial collapses, after which it was rebuilt to a smaller scale and the whole church reinforced from the outside. Stockvideo's van Byzantine architecture of Hagia Sophia. Roman Emperor Constantine the Great moved his residence to small Greek town Byzantium in 330 AD and renamed it to New Rome. Omissions? But they restored it due to the fact that it was not taken good care of during the recent years of Byzantine Empire. Program Dumbarton Oaks Resources. Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine … The restored building was rededicated in 415 by Theodosius II. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Due to the old structure, big pressure from the center to the corner… Hagia Sophia is one of the greatest surviving examples of Byzantine architecture.The church’s decorated interior of mosaics and marble pillars and coverings is massive and takes ones breath away. Considered a significant influence on the conception of classical Ottoman architecture, the Hagia Sophia is open to visitors as a public … The church was burned again in the Nika insurrection of January 532, a circumstance that gave Justinian I an opportunity to envision a splendid replacement. It was damaged in 404 by a fire that erupted during a riot following the second banishment of St. John Chrysostom, then patriarch of Constantinople. Hagia Sophia. It has been the largest cathedral for 1000 years until the Seville Cathedral was built. Prior to that, the site had been home to a pagan temple. Excluding the two narthexes and the large atrium, the basilica measures 70 x 75 m (229 x 245 ft) . Bayezid II erected the narrow white minaret on the northeast side of the mosque. The first of the three Christian structures to be built on the site had another name altogether: Megale Ekklesia, or “Great Church.”. The building reflects the religious changes that have played out in the region over the centuries, with the minarets and inscriptions of Islam as well as the lavish mosaics of Christianity. It is an architectural intelligence and the first masterpiece in Byzantine architecture. Despite the changes made by the Muslims, the architecture and the decorations on the dome and entrances still show their original appearances. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. There are three aisles separated by columns with galleries above and great marble piers rising up to support the dome. As the time went this town (Constantinople) turned into huge city, surpassing Rome and any other city in Europe and Levant in importance and size. 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